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The Different Types of Drugs

Marijuana

Marijuana is a green, brown, or gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers of the hemp plant. Marijuana has a chemical in it called tetrahydrocannabinol, better known as THC. All forms of marijuana are mind-altering (psychoactive). In other words, they change how the brain works. A lot of other chemicals are found in marijuana, too — about 400 of them, some of which are carcinogenic. Marijuana is addictive with more teens in treatment with a primary diagnosis of marijuana dependence than for all other illicit drugs combined

Risks

Impaired judgment and motor coordination / Shortened attention span and distractibility / Anxiety and panic attacks /Increased heart rate / Increased risk of heart attack / Increased risk for schizophrenia in vulnerable individuals / Impaired judgment / Problems with memory and learning / Lowered motivation / Decreased alertness and coordination / Addiction / Withdrawal symptoms from stopping drug use (in a chronic user): irritability, sleeplessness, anxiety, impaired appetite, and aggression.

Cocaine

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug. The powdered form of cocaine is either snorted or injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is heated and smoked. The term “crack” refers to the crackling sound produced by the rock as it is heated.Many cocaine users report that they seek but fail to achieve the same experience as they had with their first use. Some users will increase their dose in an attempt to intensify and prolong the effect, but this can also increase the risk of adverse psychological or physiological effects

Risks

Increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure / Headaches / Abdominal pain and nausea / Decreased appetite, resulting in malnutrition / Irritability, restlessness, anxiety, and paranoia / Paranoid psychosis (loss of touch with reality and auditory hallucinations) / Addiction or dependence

Heroin

Heroin is a highly addictive white or brown powder or brown sticky tar made from opium poppies. Users may snort, smoke or inject it. Heroin is a depressant. It enters the brain, where it is converted to morphine and binds to receptors known as opioid receptors. These receptors are located in many areas of the brain that deal with pain but also within the brain stem — important for automatic processes critical for life, such as breathing, and blood pressure. Heroin overdoses frequently involve a suppression of respiration.

Risks

Warm flushing of the skin / Dry mouth / Heavy feeling in the extremities / Nausea / Vomiting / Severe itching / Clouded mental functions / Infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis (from injection needles) / Collapsed veins / Infection of the heart lining and valves / Abscesses at the injection location / Liver or kidney disease

 

Ecstasy 

MDMA, known as Ecstasy, is a chemical that is usually taken orally as a capsule or tablet. It is a man-made drug that is chemically similar to both stimulants and hallucinogens. It distorts the perception of time and the sense of touch. Taking Ecstasy causes chemical changes in the brain that affect your mood, appetite and sleep

Risks

Confusion / Depression / Sleep problems / Severe anxiety / Muscle tension / Involuntary teeth clenching / Nausea / Blurred vision / Faintness / Chills or sweating / Dependence and withdrawal effects (fatigue, loss of appetite, depressed feelings, and trouble concentrating) / Some problems can occur while or soon after taking the drug, others come days or weeks after taking Ecstasy.

Hallucinogens, LSD and PCP

Hallucinogens are strong mood-changing drugs with unpredictable psychological effects.LSD, or "acid," is sold as tablets, capsules, liquid, or on absorbent paper.PCP is illegally manufactured as tablets, capsules, or colored powder and can be snorted, smoked or eaten. Other hallucinogens can come in many forms, including plants and cough suppressants.

Risks

Disturbing psychological effects / Delusions / Hallucinations / Paranoia / Anxiety / Addiction / Aggression / Sleeplessness / Flicking up and down of the eyes / Drooling / Loss of balance / Dizziness / Nausea and vomiting / Trembling / Loss of muscular coordination / Cirrhosis of the liver.

 

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine, or meth, is a highly addictive synthetic chemical that acts as a stimulant. It is snorted, injected, smoked, or swallowed. Most of the methamphetamine abused in this country comes from foreign or domestic superlabs, although it can also be made in small, illegal laboratories, where its production endangers the people in the labs, their neighbors, and the environment.

Risks

Increased respiration, rapid heart rate, irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, and hyperthermia (when the body overheats) / Unhealthy weight loss / Severe dental problems / Anxiety, confusion, insomnia, mood disturbances, and violent behavior / Psychotic features, including paranoia, visual and auditory hallucinations, and delusions (for example, the sensation of insects "Meth Bugs" creeping under the skin)

 

Prescription Drug 

Prescription drugs are medicines that are prescribed to a patient by a doctor to manage pain, treat or cure a health condition such as pain, mental disease, diabetes, cancer, or common infections. These drugs are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and are shown to have medical benefits when prescribed and taken exactly as directed by a health provider. For people who are suffering, these drugs allow them to control their symptoms, cure or treat their diseases, control pain, or fight an infection. However, these medicines are only safe when taken exactly as directed by a doctor, healthcare provider, or as indicated on the packaging. This includes following directions on dosages, how often to take these drugs, and never taking any drug that is not prescribed for you.

Risks

Restlessness/nausea/Dizziness/Confusion/Respiratory depression/Scars (tracks) caused by injections/Loss of appetite/Cough/Lethargy/Tolerence/Addiction/Unconsciousness

 

Over-the-Counter Drug Abuse 

Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medications that can be purchased at a pharmacy, grocery, or convenience store without a prescription to treat the symptoms of common colds or pains, such as a headache. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that these medications have medical benefits for common ailments and are safe for general consumption if taken exactly as prescribed by the packaging.

Risks

DXM: Impaired judgment and mental functioning / Loss of coordination / Dizziness / Nausea and vomiting / Hot flashes / Numbness / Reactions with other medications / Increased heart rate and blood pressure / Hallucinations / Brain damage / Seizure / Death

Rohypnol

Rohypnol, the trade name for flunitrazepam, has been a concern for the last few years because of its abuse as a "date rape" drug. In reference to date rape, this drug is most commonly referred to as a "roofie." People may unknowingly be given the drug that, when mixed with alcohol, can incapacitate victims and prevent them from resisting sexual assault. Also, Rohypnol can be lethal when mixed with alcohol and/or other depressants.

Risks

Decreased blood pressure / Drowsiness / Visual disturbances / Dizziness / Confusion / Stomach, intestine, and urinary problems / Physical dependence and addiction / Death, especially when mixed with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants

Steroids

Anabolic ("muscle-building") steroids are man-made substances closely linked to the male hormone testosterone. These drugs are available by prescription only to treat certain medical conditions. They are only safe for use when taken under a doctor's care and supervision. Abuse of steroids — often in an attempt to gain more muscle mass — can lead to serious health problems, some of which are irreversible.
 
Risks

Severe acne / Male-pattern baldness / Liver cysts / Oily hair and skin / Stunted growth when used during adolescence / Paranoid jealousy, extreme irritability, delusions, and impaired judgment stemming from feelings of invincibility / Shrinking of the testicles and breast development in males / Facial hair growth, menstrual changes, deepened voice in females

 

Ketamine

Ketamine is an odorless, tasteless drug that is found in liquid, pill, and powder form. Ketamine was developed as an anesthetic for veterinarians to use on animals.Ketamine is classified as a type of disassociative drug. It alters the actions of the neurotransmitter glutamate throughout the brain.Glutamate is involved in perception of pain, responses to the environment, and memory.

Risks

Impaired senses, judgment (low doses), coordination, and motor coordination (high doses) / Hallucinations, delirium, and disconnection from surroundings (high doses) / High blood pressure (high doses) / Amnesia (high doses) / Vulnerable to sexual assault (due to loss of control) / Depression (high doses) / Fatal respiratory problems (high doses)

 

GHB

GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate, or gammahydroxy-butyric acid) is a depressant that is usually available in odorless and tasteless liquid form. It can also be sold as a powder or pill. It takes effect 10-20 minutes after it is ingested and its effects typically last up to four hours.

Risks

Coma (at high doses) / Seizures / Nausea and breathing difficulties (when combined with alcohol or other drugs) / Poisoning / Overdose / Death (at high doses) / Addiction and withdrawal effects (including insomnia, anxiety, tremors, and sweating)

 

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